The Gash Genealogy Page

Part of the Jackson Family History

Updated 31 December 2011

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My original family history research started with my Great Grandfather, William Gash.  My cousin Keith Hickling had asked me to try and find out more about him and our Gash Family background.  We knew that he had been in the 17th Lancers and there were stories told in the family about his experiences.  This initial research can be found by clicking on the 'Genealogy' section of the above table.

William and Elizabeth Gash

(My Great, Great, Great Grandparents)

I now know that the David Gash, born 1800 in Nocton, was my 2 x Great Grandfather and the father of William Gash; David's parents were William and Elizabeth Gash.  My thanks to Amanda Lee for putting me on the right track and to Freda Harrison (nee Gash) for her assistance.  From her research, Amanda thinks that William and Elizabeth had three other children - 

Susanna baptised

10 Nov 1795 at Dunston

Buried 4 Feb 1796 at Dunston

John baptised 3 Oct 1797

 at Nocton - more information

David baptised 18 January 1800 at Nocton

Amanda has some more unsubstantiated information on William and Elizabeth, but further research is required - I do want to return to Lincolnshire Archives and perhaps I could help with this.  Amanda has her own website and would welcome information on the families she is researching.  Please access her website for more information - http://homepage.ntlworld.com/geomand/index.html  

David Gash = Elizabeth Graves

(My Great, Great Grandparents)

At Lincolnshire Archives, I tried to find David's marriage to Elizabeth, but the microfiche envelopes were missing from the files; but I did find their marriage in the Bishop's Transcripts. 

MARRIAGES solemnized in the Parish of Kirton in Holland

in the County of               Lincoln                    in the year 1830

David Gash                                                                of this Parish

                               a Bachelor

 and Elizabeth Graves                                                  of this Paris

                          a Spinster

        were married in this Church by    Banns

                                                                  this      twelfth        Day of

        July   in the year One Thousand eight hundred and twenty thirty

                 By me Charles Boothby officiating Minister

       This Marriage was solemnized between us  ( David X Gash

                                                                          ( Elizabeth (X) Graves

        In the Presence of Charles Gadd and Joseph Knowles

        No.225

I have been searching through the Parish Records for Kirton in Holland looking for our family names of Graves, Gash, Tomlinson and Dawson.  Although I have found the Graves surname, I have not found the baptism of Elizabeth Graves.  So perhaps Elizabeth was baptised in Sculcoates, Yorkshire as stated on the 1851 Census.

According to the IGI, my 2 x Great Grandparents, David and Elizabeth Gash had six children:

William**

29 Oct 1830* Boston

David

26 Jan 1832*

Boston

George

22 Nov 1840*

Kirton in Holland

Charlotte

25 Sep 1842*

Kirton in Holland

James Edward

19 April 1846*

Kirton in Holland

Lucy - born

29 June 1848

Kirton in Holland

* Date of Christening    ** My Great Grandfather

I originally found these entries on the Mormon Family Search website as a family group - and I now know that this William Gash, born Boston 1830, is my great grandfather.  However as can be seen from Census and parish records, there were other siblings.

For more information on David and William Gash and their military background, please follow the link to the Genealogy page.

Searching Kirton in Holland Parish Records, I have reached my first mention of our family surname "Gash" on the Baptism page 125 -

BAPTISMS Solemnized in the Parifh of Kirton in Holland n the County of Lincoln in the Year 1833

May 10

No. 996

Elizabeth Dr of

David & Elizabeth

Gash

K'n End

Labourer

W H W McAlpin

 K'n End is Kirton End

Page 171 1840

1840 Nov'r 22nd No.1366

George son of

David & Elizabeth

Gash

Kirton Holme

Lab'r

Cha's Sunderland, Curate

Page 173 1841

1841 Feb'y 21st No.1381.

Edward son of

David & Elizabeth

Gash

 

Kirton End

Lab'r

Cha's Sunderland, Curate

Page 183 1842 - IGI has 25th*

1842 Sept'r 25 or 26th* No.1462.

Charlotte dau'r of

David & Elizabeth

Gash

Kirton Holmes

Labourer

Cha's Sunderland, Curate

Page 204 1846

1846 April 19th No.1627.

James Edward Son of

David & Elizabeth

Gash

Kirton end

Labourer

Cha's Sunderland, Curate

Page 214 1848

1848 July 1st Born May 29th No.1729.

Lucy Daughter of

David and Elizabeth

Gash

Kirton Holme

Labourer

William Ludlow, Vicar

I have searched through St Botolph's, Boston, parish records and found the baptisms of David and Elizabeth Gash's children - they probably were living and working in that area after their marriage in 1830, included was the baptism of my great grandfather, William Gash:

Page 195

BAPTISMS solemnized in the Parish of Boston

              in the County of    Lincoln    in the Year 1830

Oct

29

No.1557

William

Son of

David

&

Elizabeth

Gash

Boston

Labourer

B. Goe

Page 252 1832

Jany 26 No. 2014

David Son of

David & Elizabeth

Gash

Boston

Labourer

B Goe

 

---o0o---

Searching Ancestry.co.uk's 1841 Census they have indexed David and Elizabeth's surname as "Bash" and although I have contacted them with the correct name they still give priority to the wrong surname for the family:

1841 Census - 608/6/49 - The Gash Family in Kirton Holme

Kirton Holme's

David Gash

41  

Ag. Lab.

Yes
 

David  -do-

9     Y
 

Elizabeth -do-

  35      " Y
  Elizabeth -do-   8   Y
  William -do- 10        " Y
  John -do- 6        " Y
  Frances -do-   4      " Y
  Thomas -do- 3        " Y
  George -do- 6 mths        "  

* The occupation column had ditto marks under "Ag Lab" - even for baby George!

IGI has an entry  for Frances Gash baptised 5 Mar 1837,  parents David and Elizabeth Gash at Langriville, Lincolnshire, quite near to Kirton Holme. David and Elizabeth seemed to have moved around quite a bit, most likely due to following the work, so I need to look for the rest of the children in other parish records.

1851 Census - 2098/138-9 - The Gash Family in Kirton Holme

David Gash, Head,

age 51, a  Labourer

Elizabeth, Labourer's wife, age 44 - ticked in the disability column

Thomas, age 12, a  Labourer

George, age 10, a  Labourer

Charlotte, age 8, a  Labourer James Edward, aged 4 Lucy, age 2
Born Nocton Born YKS Sculcoates Born Kirton

William Gash appears on Schedule 2098/88 in this census, working as a farm labourer, in Skeldyke, Kirton designated - a servant, aged 18, unmarried working for Farmer, Joseph Tunnard.

Working as a Farm Labourer for Joshua Aspland, Farmer of 30 acres at Kirton Holmes was a David Gash, age 19, born Boston. Could be David and Elizabeth's son David - Gash transcribed as "Gosh". 

Elizabeth Gash was working as a House Servant for William Morris and his wife Frances, on their farm in Swineshead the address being shown as "The Marsh".  Elizabeth's age is given as 17; birthplace Kirton. For more information regarding Elizabeth click here

Also working away from home was John Gash - working at Wyberton - Slippery Gorst? Lane, working for Farmer of 33 acres, Jabez East; John is shown to be 16 and a Farm Servant born Kirton Fen.

For information on Frances Gash please click here

1861 Census

The location where David and Elizabeth lived is described in the 1861 Census schedules as "All that part of the Parish of Kirton which lies North of the Frampton road and Donington road and South East of the turnpike road from Boston to Sleaford and including the Lincoln(?) Wear."

2331/47 - The Gash Family in Kirton

Kirton Holme Road -

David Gash, Head, Marr, age 66, an Agricultural  Labourer

Elizabeth, age 56

Lucy, age 12, a  scholar

Eliza, age 5, granddaughter, a  scholar

Born Nocton All born Kirton
William Gash enlisted in 1854, serving in the 17th Lancers His whereabouts at the time of the 1861 census was probably India -  please see my Genealogy page for more information on this.  Chris Gash, a descendant of William has kindly sent me a copy of William Gash's Army Discharge Certificate.  Details of this can be seen by following the above link to the Genealogy page.

I have been trying to discover who were the parents of Eliza but I can't trace her in the birth indexes nor in the 1871 Census unless this is her - Louisa Gash, daughter of David and Elizabeth's daughter, Frances:

Page 245 1853

1856 Feb'y 17th Born Jan 28th 1856

No.1958

Louisa Daughter of

Fanny

Gash

Kirton Holme

- (dash)

 

William Ludlow, Vicar

Written in the margin of this register alongside the above entry:

"P.B. Publiclly? Belived?or Baptized?  May 15 1859" then a signature/initials unreadable??!!

The only entry I could find which might be David and Elizabeth's son David was in Hunmanby, residing at Reservoir House:

David Gash, Head, Marr, age 31, Foreman for Waterworks, Born Lincolnshire, Boston

Ann, Wife, age 34, born Yorkshire, Scarbro'

Mary Ann, Daur, age 6, scholar, born Yorkshire, Scarbro'

Hannah, Daur, age 6, scholar, born Yorkshire, Scarbro'

Elizabeth, Daur, age 4, scholar, born Yorkshire, Scarbro' Edward G., son, age 2, born Yorkshire, Hunmanby Sarah A., Daur, age 10 mo., born Yorkshire, Hunmanby

I have been unable to locate Thomas so far in the 1861 census - he would have been aged 22. Please go to this link for further information regarding Thomas Gash.

Their son, John was now married and living "Near Sea Bank" in Wyberton, Lincs:

John Gash, Head, Marr, age 24, Ag Lab, Born Lincoln, Kirton

S Gash, Wife, age 24, born Lincoln, Sibsey

J Gash, Son, age 2, born Lincoln, Boston

H Gash, Daur, age 1, born Lincoln, Frieston

Note - this enumerator for some reason did not give the occupants full names throughout this section of the Census, except for the Head of Household.  I was checking this section of the Census for FreeCen and it was a real pain trying to decipher the enumerators very faint script.  There's a marriage on FreeBMD which could be theirs: registered Boston Dec quarter 1859 - Susannah Taylor and John Gash.

David and Elizabeth's son, George, was working in Wargate Way, Gosberton:

Thomas Russell, Head, Marr, age 71, Carpenter, born Lincolnshire, Osbornby

Sarah, wife, age 68, born Lincolnshire, Morton

George, son, Unm., age 46, Carpenter, born Lincolnshire, Gosberton

George Gash, Unm., servant, age 20, Ag. Serv., born Lincolnshire, Kirton

Mary J Newton, Serv, age 16, House Serv., born Lincolnshire, Spalding

Charlotte was also working away in St Nicholas district of Nottingham at Cumberland Place:

James Sansom, Head, Marr, age 72, Proprietor of Houses, born Yorksh., Sheffield

Fanny, wife, age 71, born Nottingham

James, son, Unm., age 33, Banker's Clerk, born Nottingham

Charlotte Gash, servant, Unm., age 18, House Serv., born Lincolnsh, Kirton

Two other descendants of David and Elizabeth Gash contacted me, one through the Genes Reunited  website Peter Gash - and that their son, James Edward,  is his family connection.  He put me on the right track for finding Elizabeth Graves, as I originally thought David married  Elizabeth Woolfitt.   The other contact had seen this web page and was a descendant of Charlotte Gash - Charlotte later married Jabez Tomlinson, the brother of William Gash's future wife, Mary (see the Tomlinson/Dawson family pages for more information).  Thanks to Peter Gash and Philip Tomlinson for their information.  

Yet another descendant of Charlotte Gash has contacted me, like Philip, Charlotte is Jennifer Frost's Great Grandmother.   More information regarding these connections can be found by accessing the above Tomlinson/Dawson page link.

---o0o---

William and Mary Gash

(My  Great Grandparents)

I found the index numbers on FreeBMD and sent for their Marriage Certificate

CERTIFIED COPY of an ENTRY of MARRIAGE

Given at the GENERAL REGISTER OFFICE

1866, Marriage solemnized at the Parish Church in the Parish of Kirton in Holland in the County of Lincoln

No

When married

Name and Surname

Age

Condition

Rank or Profession

Residence at the time of marriage

Father's name and surname

Rank or profesion of father

286

May 22

William Gash

Mary Tomlinson

35

21

Bachelor

Spinster

Labourer

-

Kirton End

Kirton Holme

David Gash

Samuel Tomlinson

Labourer

Labourer

Married in the Parish Church according to the Rites and Ceremonies of the Established Church after Banns; by me

John Tunnard

William and Mary signed their own names and the Witnesses were George Gash X his mark and Hannah Tomlinson

certified to be a true copy of a Register of Marriages in the District above mentioned.

A new name appeared on the above certificate, that of Samuel Tomlinson, my Great Great Grandfather. 

Incidentally, I sent the photograph of William and William and Mary GashMary, shown here on the left, to Practical Family History magazine to try and establish the date of the photograph.  This appeared in their  March 2007 issue  together with a copy of the painting of William in his 17th Lancers Uniform. Jane Shrimpton who is their Photograph dating expert believes that the photograph was taken to commemorate their wedding in 1866.  Jane later emailed me as she was writing a guide to dating old photographs and wanted to include the photograph as it "is a good early marriage portrait and would be very useful for the 1860s chapter".  This has now been published and sure enough, their photograph is included on page 30.

I next sent for the birth certificate of my Great Grandmother, Mary Gash (nee Tomlinson) -

CERTIFIED COPY of an ENTRY of BIRTH

Given at the GENERAL REGISTER OFFICE

Registration District of Boston

1845 BIRTH in the Sub-District of Kirton in Holland in the County of Lincoln

Columns 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9

No

When and where born

Name (if any)

Sex

Name and Surname of Father

Name and Maiden Surname of Mother

Rank or Profession of Father

Signature, Description and Residence of Informant

When Registered

Signature of Registrar

432

Twentyeighth of October 1845 at Kirton

Mary

Girl

Samuel Tomlinson

Mary Tomlinson formerly Dawson

Labourer

The mark X of Mary Tomlinson, Mother, Kirton

Fourth November 1845

Thomas Hampton Registrar

Mary's birth certificate gave me the maiden name of her mother and another generation -

Samuel Tomlinson = Mary Dawson

My Great Great Grandparents

Please go to the Tomlinson and Dawson family page for more about the Tomlinson connection.

 

1871 Census - 3333/48 - Also living on the Road from Kirton to Kirton Holme, Kirton in Holland, Lincolnshire

Elizabeth Gash, an ag lab, widow, age 66,

born Kirton

George Gash, age 30, unmarried

Agricultural  Labourer, born Kirton

Elizabeth now a widow and living with her son George.  Details of David Gash's death are given further down this page.

1871 Census - 3346/56 - My Great Grandparents, William and Mary Gash - married in 1866 - were living at Harts Grounds, near North and South Kyme

Head: William Gash

aged 35, a farm labourer, born Kirton

Mary Gash, wife, aged 25, married, born Kirton

Hannah, daughter, age 4, born Kirton

Lucey, daughter, age 3, born Kirton

David, son, age

17 mths, born Chapel Hill

  

William's brother, John and his wife Susannah were living in the hamlet of Langrick at Little Coningsby:

Head: John Gash, Marr,

aged 36, Labourer, born Kirton, Lincolns.

Susan Gash, wife, marr, aged 33, Labourer, born Frith Ville, Lincolns

John, son, age 11, Scholar, born Boston West, Lincolns

Harriet, daur, age 10, Scholar, born Freiston, Lincolns

Amy, daur, age 8, born Boston West, Lincolns

James Ed., son, age 6, born Bunkers Hill,Lincolns

David, son, age 2, born Coningsby, Lincolns

William, son, age 11 months, born Coningsby, Lincolns

Harriet Taylor, Relative, Unmrd,

age 31, Servant, born Frith Ville, Lincolns.

---o0o---

These are some photographs of the churches and localities where the Gash family had lived:  

St Peter's Church, Nocton All Saints Church, Nocton Kirton Parish Church as it used to be Parish Church of St Peter and St Paul, Kirton in Holland Inside Kirton Parish Church Swineshead Parish Church St Mary the Virgin Chapel Hill, Dog Dyke, Lincolnshire

 

1 All Saints Church at Nocton My 2 x G Grandfather David Gash was born in Nocton and was possibly baptised in the former St Peter's Church on 18 January 1800. A picture of the church of that time is shown in the north west window in the nave of the present All Saints.
2 The present-day Church*
3 The Parish Church of St Peter and St Paul, Kirton in Holland An engraving of the old Cruciform Church  1797
4 The church when we visited in February 2004
5 Inside the Church - William Gash and Mary Tomlinson were also married here. Their daughters Hannah and Lucy were born in Kirton and would have been baptised here.
6 The Church of St Mary the Virgin, Swineshead William and Mary Gash were living in Swineshead when their son David was born - this church is enormous and very difficult to photograph because of the tall trees surrounding it.
7 Chapel Hill, Dog Dyke Their sons William and Samuel were born when the family lived at Chapel Hill

The Chapel at Chapel Hill, Dogdyke, Lincolnshire The River Witham, Dog Dyke, Lincolnshire Tattershall Castle, Lincolnshire The Church at Tattershall Inside Tattersall Church The Font, St Lawrence's Church, Bardney St Lawrence's Church, Bardney, Lincolnshire The Church at Thornton le Fen  

8 Chapel Hill, Dog Dyke* William and Samuel might have been baptized here.
9 River Witham This picture was taken at Dog Dyke, Close to Chapel Hill.
10 Tattershall Castle Mary, my Grandmother was born in Tattershall as was Great Uncle Jim. The next picture is of the church, taken from the top of Tattershall Castle.
11 Holy Trinity Church, Tattershall
12 The interior of Holy Trinity Church, Tattershall
13 St Lawrence Church, Bardney The Font - was this where Great Aunt Emma was baptized?
14 The Church at Bardney where the Gash family lived when Emma was born.
15 Wildmore St Peter* The former chapel of ease at Thornton le Fen which has also been known as Froghall Church.  William and Mary were living at Thorton le Fen when the 1881 Census was taken and the twins Rachel and Ruth were born during this period. Thornton le Fen is now known as Wildmore.

*Picture No 1 -  please visit http://www.allsaintsnocton.org.uk/history.htm Nocton Church website from which this picture was taken.

The Pictures 2, 8 and 15 are used with permission from the following website:  http://www.wparkinson.com/Churches - Please visit Wendy Parkinson's site for wonderful pictures of Lincolnshire and churches from other Counties.  I snapped the rest of the photographs.

---o0o---

The 1881 Census revealed that my Great Grandparents and family had moved to Sibsey Road, Thornton Le Fen, Lincolnshire - the family comprising of William and Mary and their ten children:

William Gash, aged 50, born Boston, Lincoln, an Ag Lab Mary Gash, aged 35, born Kirton, Lincoln

Hannah

aged 14

Born Kirton, Domestic Servant

Lucy

aged 13

  at Kirton

David

aged 11

Born

Swineshead

William

aged 9

Born Dog Dyke

Samuel

aged 8 Born Dog Dyke

Mary*

aged 6

Born Tattersall

James

aged 4

Born Tattersall

Emma

aged 2

Born Bardney

Rachel

aged 7m

Born Thornton le Fen

Ruth

aged 7m

Born Thornton le Fen

Born 17.11.1867 Born 1.3.1868 Born 8.12.1869 Born 6.7.1871 Born 30.7.1872 Born 12.4.1875 Born 12.3.177 Born 1.10.1878 Twins born 4.9.1880

*  = my Grandmother    Details of her birth certificate are shown below:

CERTIFIED COPY of an ENTRY of BIRTH

Given at the GENERAL REGISTER OFFICE

Registration District of Horncastle

1875 BIRTH in the Sub-District of Tattershall in the County of Lincoln

Columns 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9

No

When and where born

Name (if any)

Sex

Name and Surname of Father

Name and Maiden Surname of Mother

Rank or Profession of Father

Signature, Description and Residence of Informant

When Registered

Signature of Registrar

69

Twelfth of April 1875 at Tattershall

Mary

Girl

William Gash

Mary Gash formerly Tomlinson  

Farm Labourer

Willm Gash, Father, Tattershall

Third May 1875

John Hilton Manwell Registrar

Also found in the 1881 Census was William's widowed mother, still in Kirton with two of her children.  They were living in Wash Road, Kirton. 

Elizabeth Gash, Mother, widow, aged 74, born Kirton, Lincs George Gash, Head, Unm., aged 40, an Agricultural Labourer, born Kirton, Lincs Lucy, Daur, Unm, aged 32, a General Servant, born Kirton, Lincs

---o0o---

Using the FreeBMD search on Rootsweb I have found  a date of death for an Elizabeth Gash, aged 75, this is almost certainly my 2 x Great Grandmother Elizabeth Gash.  Elizabeth's death was recorded in the March 1882 quarter, in the Boston registration district, Vol 7a; page 237: 

CERTIFIED COPY of an ENTRY of DEATH

Given at the GENERAL REGISTER OFFICE

Registration District of Boston

1882 DEATH in the Sub-District of Kirton  in the County of Lincoln

Columns 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9

No

When and where died

Name and surname

Sex

Age

Occupation

Cause of death

Signature, description and residence of informant

When registered

Signature of registrar

151

Thirteenth January 1882 Kirton RSD Elizabeth Gash

Female

75 years

Widow of David Gash, Farm Labourer Senile decay certified by J A Storey, SRCP

X the mark of Hannah Latimore present at death

Sixteenth January 1882

Thos Warner Registrar

Hannah Latimore - searching for "Latimore" on the 1881 Census, I found a Hannah Lattimer, aged 72 living on her own in an Alms House at Kirton, Lincoln - a labourer's widow. 

Details of David Gash's death was proving to be difficult to discover; I thought I had found a match and sent for a death certificate.  The details on BMD were Spilsby registration district; but no age was included with the entry.  When the certificate arrived I knew instantly that this wasn't 'our David'!  He was only 37 years of age; David would have been 52 years old; this David Gash died of consumption on 23 August 1858 in Skegness; his occupation was given as "Gentleman".

Gash researcher, Amanda Lee has discovered  that David was buried on 21 November 1870, age 74; and Elizabeth was buried on 17 January 1882 - both at Kirton in Holland (source: Burial Index).

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The actual date of David's death was supplied by Chris Gash - I sent for his death certificate and the details are shown below:

CERTIFIED COPY of an ENTRY of DEATH

Given at the GENERAL REGISTER OFFICE

Registration District of Boston

1870 DEATH in the Sub-District of Kirton  in the County of Lincoln

Columns 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9

No

When and where died

Name and surname

Sex

Age

Occupation

Cause of death

Signature, description and residence of informant

When registered

Signature of registrar

215

Fifteenth November 1870 Kirton End David Gash

Male

74 years

Farm Labourer Chronic Bronchitis 5 years Exhaustion Certified

X the mark of Susannah Wilson, present at death, Kirton End

Fifteenth November 1870

M A Dykes Registrar

---o0o---

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William and Mary Gash had another child in 1885 a girl, Ada Sarah Gash but Ada Sarah did not reach her first birthday; her birth and death are both shown on BMD Sep 1885, registered Boston, Lincolnshire.

Accessing the 1891 Census on http://freecen.rootsweb.com I found William and Mary Gash with some of the previously mentioned siblings and some new ones! living at 121 Hemmingfield, Wombwell, Barnsley in the West Riding of Yorkshire -

William Gash aged 60 a General Labourer born Boston Mary aged 45 born Kirton

Samuel

aged 18 a Colliery Labourer born Dog Dyke

James

aged 13 a Colliery Labourer born Tattersall

Emma

aged 12 born Bardney

Rachel

aged 10 born Thornton le Fen

Ruth

aged 10

born Thornton le Fen

Amy aged 7 born Pelham Land, Lincoln,

Esther aged 4 born Pelham Land, Lincoln Fred aged 7m born Wombwell
Amy was born 24.2.1884 Esther was born 8.9.1886 Fred was born Sept 1890

My distant cousin Susan Principe, has sent me a copy of the birth certificate of Great Aunt Amy Gash:

CERTIFIED COPY of an ENTRY of BIRTH

Pursuant to the Births and Deaths Registration Acts 1836 to 1929

Registration District of Boston

1884, Birth in the Sub-District of Swineshead in the County of Lincoln

Columns 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9

No

When and where born

Name (if any)

Sex

Name and Surname of Father

Name and Maiden Surname of Mother

Rank or Profession of Father

Signature, Description and Residence of Informant

When Registered

Signature of Registrar

367

Twenty Fourth  February 1884 Pelhams Land

Amy Elizabeth

Girl

William Gash

Mary Gash formerly Tomlinson

Farm Labourer

Mary Gash

 Mother

Pelhams Land

Twenty First April 1884

M.Pittard Registrar

Hannah, Lucy, David, William and Mary were not listed as living at 121 Hemmingfield. I eventually found Lucy, after talking to my cousin, Eileen.  Eileen knew  that Lucy's married name was Simms - I discovered them living close by at an address in Hemmingfield - they could have been living in the same house - at 121 Hemmingfield - their schedule does not list the whole address but the schedule number follows on.

Arthur SIMMS - aged 27, born in Thornton le Fen, Lincoln, a Colliery Banksman Lucy SIMMS - aged 23 Gertrude SIMMS - aged 4, born in Sutterton, Lincoln

Arthur's full name was Arthur John Charles Simms and in 1881 he was working on a Farm at Langton Moor, age 17, born Lincolnshire, Thornton, a Farm Servant working for Cristopher and Harriet Day. There's a marriage on FreeBMD, registered at Boston, March quarter of 1885: Lucy Gash and Arthur John C Simms were on the list of 4 shown, vol 7a page 501. More information on the Simms family can be seen on the Lucy and Emma Simms page.

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Thanks to Ann Thompson, the Secretary of Rawmarsh and Parkgate Local History Group; she has found William and Mary's missing family on the 1891 Census -

Mary Gash* was in Cheetham, Manchester, living at the home of Elizabeth Brown;  Mary was 17, single and a general servant, born Tattershall. Elizabeth Brown was from Boswell, Lincolnshire. Hannah Gash was also in Manchester, living at 1 Wolseley Place, Withington in the Stretford district of Manchester.  Hannah was aged 24, a General Domestic Servant, born Kirton Holme; the head of household was William Arthur an Iron Agent from Derbyshire
William Gash, age 19, single, a coal miner, born Lincs - Dog Dyke David Gash, age 21, single, a coal miner, born Lincs - Chapel Hill William and David were both lodging together in Wath upon Dearne, Rotherham, Yorkshire at No 12 Sandygate in the home of William Newstead, a farm labourer from Eagle Moor, Lincs

* my grandmother

On the FreeBMD website, I have discovered the marriages of William and of David Gash  -  William married Emma Ward in the December 1892 quarter in the Horncastle district; and David married Emma's sister Alice Ward in the September 1894 quarter in Rotherham.  I then searched the 1881 Census for the Ward family and found that they were living in Middle Road, Coningsby, Lincoln. (This is transcribed further down the page.)

Making use of a free trial database and the 1891 Census, I found  George Gash, son of David and Elizabeth Gash, brother of William.  George had married in 1882 and they had one son - living at Eleven Acre Lane, Kirton:

George Gash, aged 50, married, Agricultural Labourer, born Kirton Maria Gash - aged 49, born Swineshead George Gash - aged 7, Scholar, born Kirton

Searching the FreeBMD, I found that George had married Maria Leedell, registered Boston Dec 1882; and a birth for a George Gash, born Boston December 1883 vol 7a, p393. 

According to the following entry in the 1881 Census, Maria was the widow of George Leedell and they were living at Sutterton, on Spalding Road:

George Leedell, Head, aged 49, Agricultural Labourer, born Kirton Maria Leedell, wife, aged 40, born Swineshead

Sarah Jane Leedell, daughter, Unm, aged 17, a Pupil Teacher, born Sutterton

John Richard Leedell, son, Unm,

aged 14, Agricultural Labourer,  born Sutterton

George's death, at the age of 49, had been registered at Boston, June 1881.

---o0o---

My Great Grandmother, Mary - William Gash's wife must have died between the 1891 and 1901 census as William appeared in the 1901 census living with his daughter, Mary,  his marital status - widower.  I found Mary's death on the FreeBMD website listed as March 1894.  Their son Fred's death was also listed as June 1891 - their 14th child - Fred died before his 1st birthday.   I sent for Mary's death certificate and discovered -

CERTIFIED COPY of an ENTRY of DEATH

Given at the GENERAL REGISTER OFFICE

Registration District of Barnsley

1894 DEATH in the Sub-District of Darfield in the County of York

Columns 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9

No

When and where died

Name and surname

Sex

Age

Occupation

Cause of death

Signature, description and residence of informant

When registered

Signature of registrar

282

Second February 1894

121 Hemingfield Wombwell USD

Mary Gash

Female

48 years

Widow of William Gash, Road  Labourer Cancer of the Uterus "6 months exhaustion" Certified by William Ritchie MD

W Gash Widower of Deceased In attendance 121 Hemmingfield, Wombwell

Second February 1894

John Bushby Junr? Registrar

-------------------------------------------------

William and Mary's sons, William and David Gash as mentioned prevously had married two sisters - Emma and Alice Ward - I searched for them in the 1881 Census and found a Ward family living at Middle Road, Coningsby, Lincoln -

Ann Shaw WARD, head, widow, age 52, born Greetham, Lincoln Christopher WARD, son, single, age 23 born East Kirkby, Lincoln, Lab (Ag) George WARD, son, single, age 20 born Coningsby, Lincoln, Lab (Ag) Joseph WARD, son,  age 13 born Coningsby, Lincoln, scholar Emma WARD, daughter, single, age 11 born Coningsby, Lincoln, scholar Alice WARD, daughter, single, age 8 born Coningsby, Lincoln, scholar Sarah WARD, Mother In Law, Widow, age 82 born Low Toynton Moor, Lincoln

I have received  an email from a descendant of the Ward family, Stephen Pinner.  Steven tells me that Emma and Alice Ward's father was Western Ward.  The unusual forename "Western" was passed down the generations within the Gash family residing in Nottinghamshire.  A death is listed on Ancestry.com for a Western Ward, age 58 Sept Quarter 1879, Volume 7a page 311 for the Horncastle district of Lincolnshire.  Stephen very kindly sent me a copy of the marriage certificate of William Gash and Emma Ward - this took place at the Parish Church in Coningsby, Lincolnshire on 6th December 1892:

CERTIFIED COPY OF AN ENTRY OF MARRIAGE

GIVEN AT THE GENERAL REGISTER OFFICE

1892, Marriage solemnized at the Parish Church in the Parish of Coningsby in the County of Lincoln

No

When married

Name and Surname

Age

Condition

Rank or Profession

Residence at the time of marriage

Father's name and surname

Rank or profesion of father

43

6th

December

1892

William Gash

 

Emma Ward

21

 

22

Bachelor

 

Spinster

Labourer

 

 

Brampton Bierlow Yorkshire

Coningsby

William Gash

 

Western Ward

Labourer

 

Labourer

Married in the Parish Church according to the Rites and Ceremonies of the Established Church after Banns; by me

Arthur Wright, Rector

William and Emma signed their own names and the Witnesses were Herbert Ward X his mark and Alice Ward (signed)

certified to be a true copy of a Register of Marriages in the District above mentioned.

My distant cousin Susan Principe, has sent me a copy of the marriage certificate of David Gash and Alice Ward which took place at St Mary's Church, Greasbrough in 1894:

Page 143

1894, Marriage Solemnized at The Parish Church  in the Parish of Greasbrough  in the County of York

No

When married

Name and Surname

Age

Condition

Rank or Profession

Residence at the time of marriage

Father's name and surname

Rank or profesion of father

296

Augt 21st  1894

David Gash

 

Alice Ward

24

 

22

Bachelor

 

Spinster

Miner

 

-

Greasbrough 

 

Greasbrough 

William Gash

 

Western Ward

Labourer

 

Labourer

Married in the Parish Church according to the Rites and Ceremonies of the Established Church, after Banns; by me

Harry Darling B.A.

David and Alice signed the register; the Witnesses were Samuel Gash and Sarah Ann White

Incidentally when searching the 1901 Census for my grandmother, Mary Gash (formerly Hickling) I could not find them; I found the page eventually by searching for William Gash - he was listed as an Army pensioner living with his daughter, Mary 'Hickbrig'.  The original Census page had been misread and their name appeared as 'Hickbrig' on the 1901 Census schedule.  Her son Norman was transferred as 'Forman Hickbrig'.  I have filled in the correction form, and this has now been amended.  The details of this Census is included on the Hickling webpage.   I have since learnt that this particular Census was contracted out to India and Sri Lanka - that explains the many transcription errors!

To see pictures of some members of the family please visit the Photo Gallery page. Amongst them you'll find William and Mary Gash; my Great Aunt - Lucy Simms nee Gash and her daughters; Great Uncle William Gash and his wife, who moved to Newark; several pictures of Great Uncle Jim in Coldstream Guards uniform and one in civvies;  and my 'Aunt' Mary Emma who supplied some of the pictures.  Mary Emma was not really my Aunt, being my Mother's cousin, but in view of her age, I was always told to call her 'Auntie Emma'.Return to top

In the 1901 Census I found the following information regarding William and Mary's children. All were living in the West Riding of Yorkshire, England.

Living at Birch Wood, Rawmarsh was William and Emma Gash -

William Gash, Head, M, aged 29, a Hewer of Coal, born Dog Dyke, Lincolnshire

Emma Gash, wife, M,

age 31, born Coningsby, Lincolnshire

William Gash, aged 7, born West Melton, Yorks

Charles Gash, aged 5, born Greasbro, Yorks

Edith Gash*, aged 1, born Rawmarsh, Yorks.

* I have transcribed Kilnhurst St Thomas Church of England School's log book for the period 1888 to 1921 and I whilst typing it, I found an entry for 4th March 1910 -

"Crossed off Edith Gash who has left the district."

William and Emma's  first child, William Western Gash was born on 4 October 1893 whilst the family were living at Winterwell, West Melton, the trade of his father William was given as Collier; William Western Gash was baptised on 22 November 1893 at West Melton Congregational Church.

This family after struggling in Yorkshire* to survive, eventually moved to Syerston, near Newark, to take over the farm which was being run by brothers David and Jim.  William's son, also called William eventually formed the Wm Gash & Sons bus company. I remember visiting them when I was a child.  One of the pictures in the photo gallery is taken on their farm. 

I found information on several websites regarding the bus company William and Emma Gash and family mainly for bus 'anoraks'  -

http://www.bammot.org.uk/vehicles/vkal579.asp and http://www.old-bus-photos.co.uk/?cat=56

The photograph, above left, arrived from Canada from my nephew and identified by Douglas Moutrie shows, right to left - William Western Gash, 2 Women's Voluntary Service members (names not known), Emma Gash nee Ward, William Gash, James Gash, Alan Gash, William Western Wright, and Edith Wright nee Gash - the photograph dates from about 1950.  At that time Wm Gash & Sons provided a free day out for OAP's in the Newark area, the WVS ladies accompanied the OAP's and the owners of the company, William and Alan Gash drove the coaches on that day.  The photo was taken in Newark Market Place and the car was a Triumph Vitesse Reg. No. BAY 86.

---oOo---

Further information regarding  the family of William and Emma Gash has been kindly sent to me by my distant cousin Rev. Christopher Gash -

William Gash, born 1871, died 1957 was married to Emma Ward in 1892; Emma was born in 1870 and died in 1959.  They had five children:

William Western Gash, born 1893, West Melton

Charles Edwin Gash, born 1895, Greasbrough

Edith Mary Gash, born 1899, Rawmarsh

George Robert Gash, born 1904, Rotherham

John Alan Gash, born 1907, Rotherham

William Western Gash married Euphemia (Effie) Kemp in 1919 and they had one daughter Margaret Emma Gash, born 1921; William died in 1974 and Euphemia in 1983. 

Margaret Emma Gash married Douglas William Moutrie in 1944; they had three children.

Charles Edwin Gash married Eva Agnes McKay in 1917 and they had three children; Charles Edwin known as Eddie died in 1971; Eva Agnes was born in 1896 and died in 1983.  Their children were:

Agnes Mary Gash (1918-1950) married twice - in 1939 to Arthur William Bird (1915-1985?); in 1950 she married Horace Jones (1918-1968) - Agnes Mary and Horace Jones had 1 son.
William Edwin Gash (1926-2001) married in 1957 to Joan Mary Barr (1925); they had no children.
Eva Noreen Gash (1934) married in 1959 to Martin Leslie Smith (1934); they had 2 children.

Edith Mary Gash married William Wright (1899-1967) in 1927; they had one son, William Western Wright.  Edith died in 1998. 

George Robert Gash married Sybil Talbot* in 1932; Sybil was born 1912 and died 2003; George Robert died in 1991; they had 4 children -

Colin Gash (1933-1998) unmarried
David Robert Gash (1936-1960) unmarried
Isobel Gash (1937) married in 1989 to Kenneth Francis Lee (1937)

Malcolm Gash (1942) married in 1968 to Jean Taylor (1949); they had 3 children -

David Charles Gash (1969) married in 1994 to Pamela Knight (1970); they had 3 children:

George Gash (1998);

Henry Gash (2001); and Harrison Gash (2002)

Lisa Marie Gash (1971) married in 2001 to Simon David Smith (1967); they had one child Robert Malcolm Gash, (1973)

* Please visit Photo Gallery 1 for pictures of George and Sybil Gash at Cotham Grange Farm

John Alan Gash married Sybil Chalk in 1937; Sybil was born 1913 and died in 2000; John Alan died in 1981; they had three children -

Christopher Alan Ronald Gash (1939), unmarried
Valerie Roberta Gash (1942) married in 1966 to Charles Garner (1933); they had 3 children
Stephen Roger Gash (1946) married twice - in 1967 to Jennifer Thacker (1946) with 2 children; secondly in 1996 to Patricia Jones (nee Naylor) (1952)

Guy Stephen Gash (1969); married 1990 to Paulette Neary (1966) they had 2 children -

Dominic Gash (1991)

Lucy Gash (1996)

Christopher Alastair Gash (1970), married 1997 to Louise Edwards (1971) they had 2 children -

Charlotte Jenna Gash (1999)

Jade Elizabeth Gash (2001)

1901 Census: Living at Birchwood, Rawmarsh, next door to William was his brother, David Gash -

David Gash, aged 31, born Chapel Hill*, a Coal Hewer Alice Gash, wife, aged 28 born Coningsby, Lincolnshire David Gash, aged 6, born Coningsby, Lincolnshire Alice Edna, aged 2, born Greasbro, Yorks

*David appears in the 1881 Census as born in Swineshead. Alice was formerly Alice Ward.

Baptism of Alice Edna GashSusan Principe a descendant of Alice Edna Gash has sent me the copy of Alice Edna's baptism certificate (shown on the left).  This took place at St Mary's Church, Greasbrough in 1898.

David and his family with brother James moved to Syerston, near Newark to go back to the land.  As seen above, they handed over to their brother William.  David and James then emigrated to Canada.

Up to date information regarding David and Alice:

David and Alice Gash had four children -

David Gash (1895-1970) born 7 Jun 1895 in Coningsby, Lincolnshire; believed to have married more than once and to have had one daughter*

Alice Edna Gash (1898-1996) born 1 Oct 1898 in Greasbrough, married on 29 May 1919 to John Wallwork; they had four children

Gladys Gash, born (1906) married to Ian Robertson McElwee (1924); they had two children**

Hedley Fernie Gash

(1910-1996); married in 1929 to Elva Maud Motyer (1908-1996); they had 2 children

* Searching the British Columbia Archives I did find two possible marriages for David Gash -

A Groom called David Gash married Mercy Elizabeth Tolley in Victoria on 28 Dec 1924 (probably David Gash born 1895);

another entry for David Gash shows him marrying Lydia Grundy at Cranbrook on 27 Jul 1928.  This proved to be David Gash senior, David remarried Lydia after Alice died in 1925.a

These though have yet to be confirmed as 'our' David Gash.  BC Archives also show their deaths - Lydia Gash on 16 March 1951, age 87; and Mercy Elizabeth Gash died on 9 July 1956, age 69. 

Consulting British Columbia Archives I also found Great Uncle David Gash's death at Duncan on 9 August 1952, age 82; his wife Alice had died first at Fernie on 30 December 1925, age 53. 

My new-found cousin, Susan Principle has solved these queries for me -  regarding the 'David Gash' marriages: David Gash (senior) married Lydia Grundy three and a half years after the death of Alice Ward Gash - Lydia was a widow. 

David Gash's eldest son David married Mercy Tolley in 1924 (his second marriage) - their only daughter, Joan, suffered brain damage from a fall down some stairs and died some time later as a result of her injuries.  There is a photograph of David with his first wife, Minnie on 'our Canadian family' page - Minnie died shortly after their marriage.  David Gash Jnr had enlisted in the Canadian army and fought in Europe in WW1, he married Minnie in England - reports of his time in England can be seen in these extracts from Fernie Free Press which also contains details of his marriage.  Consulting FreeBMD I found a marriage for a David Gash to Miriam Buckler registered March 1919 at Auckland, County Durham, vol 10a p 343.  I found Miriam in 1901 living with her parents in Bowman's Yard, Escomb, Bishop Auckland:

William Buckler, head, marr, age 32, Coal Hewer, worker, born Durham, Houghton-le-Spring Bridget, wife, marr, age 29 born Yorks, Rotherham Norah A., daur,  age 7, born Durham, Crook Mary C., daur, age 5, born Durham, Crook Ellen, daur, age 5, born Durham, Crook Miriam, daur,  age 3, born Durham, Crook John W., son,  age 1, born Durham, Crook

William Buckler married Bridget Callighan in April/June quarter of 1891, registered in Auckland 10a, page 318.

The children of Hedley Fernie and Elva Maud Gash were -

Carley Lois Gash (1934); married twice firstly to Kenneth Zasadny (2 children); and secondly to Norman Frank (2 children)

Loretta Elva Gash (1938); married to Roy Douglas Keith.  They have 3 children.

** More information and photographs of David and Alice Ward Gash  and their extended family can be found on the Canadian webpage link shown above.

---o0o---

William and Mary's son, Samuel Gash was living at 4 Peashill Street, Rawmarsh, Rotherham and he had married Clara Ann Dobson - registered at Rotherham, in the December 1895 quarter, vol 9c, page 1017 and their household was as follows -

Samuel Gash, aged 28, born

Chapel Hill, Lincs

Clara Ann Gash, aged 33,

born Upper Haugh

Arthur Gash, aged 4, born Sandhill, Yorks.

Samuel and Clara had two children -

 Arthur Gash born 1896

Edith Gash born 1906

I have obtained a baptism transcription of the christenings which took place at Upper Haugh Wesleyan Methodist Chapel 1848-1966 and Samuel and Clara are recorded as the parents of Phyliss date of birth 23 Jul 1899 - the baptism date though has been transcribed with a query - "Aug?23 1899".  I will check the original registers for the full transcript. Their abode was given as "Rawmarsh". 

Looking through Rawmarsh National Infant School Admission Register for the years 1899-1929, I found the following:

Admission No. Date of Admission Surname Forename(s) Parents or Guardian's Name Address Date of Birth
2563 8 May 1901 Gash Arthur Samuel Peashill Street 12 Apr 1896

Samuel and Clara's daughter, Edith married Tom Cheers in Canada.  Their photos are on the Photo Gallery (link below).  I have found a document on http://www.collectionscanada.gc.ca/databases/cef/index-e.html  - this collection includes Attestation papers for Canadians enlisted in the Canadian Expeditionary Force who enlisted during the First World War.  Page one of Arthur Gash's enlistment was found on this website  - unfortunately there was no page 2.  The information found on these attestation papers can be seen on my Canadian page.  My distant cousin Susan Principe remembers visiting Samuel and Clara in Canada - related on the Canadian webpage  and there's also a photo of Clara on the Canadian webpage.

I  met a descendant of Samuel and Clara Gash, Dorothy Galenzoski, in May 2008, their Grandaughter and daughter of Arthur Gash.  Dorothy was visiting her son who now lives in Stockport, Lancashire.  Dorothy found this website and emailed me and we met on the day before she returned to Canada.

Dorothy lives in Surrey a suburb of Vancouver and she is to speak to her cousin, who is the daughter of Edith Cheers nee Gash (daughter of Samuel and Clara Gash) - Edith and Tom's daughter has researched the family history and will be able to let me know more about that side of our Gash family. See the Canadian family page for more information.

---o0o---

The 1901 Census - showed William and Mary's other children -

James Gash, aged 22, born Tattersall, Lincoln James was in London at Bridge Road, Chelsea, a soldier in the Coldstream Guards - his photographs can be seen in the Photo Gallery
Mary Gash married Willie Hickling and details are on the Hickling webpage.  As mentioned previously, William Gash, Mary's father, my Great Grandfather was residing in the same household at Rawmarsh.

Consulting the Canadian BC Archives, I found 3 entries in the Marriages section for "James Gash":

  1. James Gash = Esther Ann Puttinger at Fernie on 18 March 1915* - name I believe should have read "Pettinger".

  2. James Gash = Esther Ann Winstanley at Fernie on 18 March 1915*

  3. James Gash = Isabel Lindsay Geddes at Vancouver on 3 March 1928*

Note, though the first two show the same date and also on the record they show the same register number.  It wqs thought that James had three sons; to date though, I had no firm information regarding his marriage nor of his children. Great Uncle Jim died on 30 June 1954 in Vancouver, he was 76.

BC Archives also show a death for Esther Anne Gash at Coquitlam on 2 June 1965, age 85; and a death for Isabell Jean Gash at New Westminster on 15 July 1980, age 82.  Another James Gash's death is shown as 20 February 1976 giving an age of 71 at Coquitlam - this James Gash was born c1905 and Great Uncle Jim was born in 1877.  This entry might be the son of James and Esther Ann Gash.

* Information supplied via a photograph identified by Gladys Gash from Canada shows Uncle Jim with wife Esther.

Searching further on FreeBMD, I next found three births, registered at Rotherham, which appear relevant to my Great Uncle James Gash and Esther Ann Winstanley:

December Quarter of 1904 James Gash Winstanley; December Quarter 1907 Fred Gash Winstanley*; December Quarter 1908 Ernest Gash Winstanley. 

* A death was registed in December 1907 for Fred Gash Winstanley.

I was pleased to hear recently from the grand daughter of my Great Uncle, James Gash.  The family had only just started to research their family history when they found this website.  They contacted me and will recontact me when they have further information.

Meanwhile I think I have found more about Great Uncle Jim's wife, Esther Ann Winstanley nee Pettinger - she was the daughter of William Pettinger and Mary Ann Sanderson who were married in Rotherham in 1877 - ceremony registered at Rotherham December quarter of 1877 vol 7c page 635.

The 1881 Census shows them living at 7-8 Pottery Square, Wath upon Dearne, Rotherham:

William Pettinger, Head, Mar, age 29, Labourer, born Nottinghamshire, Nottingham Mary Ann, Wife, Mar, age 33,  born Lincolnshire, Coningsby Ester Ann, daur,  age 2,  born Lincolnshire, Horncastle William Rich'd, son, age 4,  born Derbyshire, Eckington Rosehannah, daur,  age 7, born Derbyshire, Eckington
Georgehannah, daur,  age 8, born Lincolnshire, Horncastle Sarah Ann, daur, age 10, born Lincolnshire, Horncastle Joseph, son, Unmarr, age 17,  Collier Coal, born Lincolnshire, Horncastle Miles Welsh, Boarder, Unmarr, age 60,  Labourer, born Ireland Thomas Welsh, Boarder, Unmarr, age 22,  Labourer, born London

I also found a birth for Esther Ann Pettinger registered at Rotherham, December quarter of 1879, vol 9c page 635.  It looks as if these children may be from a previous marriage of William or Mary Ann.  There seems to be a mixup for the "Where born" information - if this is the correct family, Rosehannah (Sanderson) shows born Derbyshire and Ester Ann is shown as born Lincolnshire - if this is Rose Hannah who later married John Wallwork, she was born in Lincolnshire and Esther Ann born in Rotherham.  See the Canadian family page for the Wallwork Census entries

The 1891 Census has a William Pettinger living with his parents in Wath upon Dearne, Rotherham at 15 Midland Terrace:

Richard Pettinger, Head, Mar, age 69, Yard Labourer, born Notts, Boughton Ester, Wife, Mar, age 66,  born Notts, Edwinstowe William, son, Marr, age 37,  Yard Labourer, born Notts, Edwinstowe*

In Column 16 of the above schedule (the disability column) it states "Fits" alongside William's entry. 

In 1881 William's parents were living in Wath upon Dearne with their daughter Mary Ann at 15 Station Lane:

Richard Pettinger, Head, Mar, age 58, Lab. (Oil Works), born Notts, Boughton Esther Pettinger, Wife, Mar, age 44,  born Notts, Edwinstow Mary A, daur,  age 15,  born Yorks, Jump

In 1871, the Pettingers were living "Near Newhill Pottery" in the hamlet of Newhill, Wath upon Dearne, Rotherham:

Rich'd Pettinger, Head, Mar, age 48, Laborer, born Boughton Parish Eastha Pettinger, Wife, Mar, age 44,  born Warsop Parish William*, son, age 15,  Miner, born  Edwinstowe Parish Sarah Ann, daughter, age 14, Transferer at Pottery, born Edwinstowe Parish Marah (sic) Ann, daughter, age 5, Scholar, born Darfield Parish

*The IGI has a record submitted by a member of the LDS Church: "William Pettinger; Male; Christening: 13 May 1855 Edwinstowe, Nottingham, England; Parents Richard and Esther Pettinger".  I have found a death for a William Pettinger, age 38, registered at Rotherham June quarter of 1893 vol 9c page 432.  I can't verify that this is Esther Ann's father but it does look likely.  To date I can't find Esther Ann nor her mother in the 1891 Census. 

However in 1894 there's a marriage registered in Barnsley, September quarter for a Mary Ann Pettinger and an Edward Martin and in the 1901 Census this couple are living at 8 Packman Road, West Melton, Rotherham:

Edward Martin, Head, aged 64, Marr, Road Labourer on the Highway, born Staffs, Bilston Mary Ann, wife, aged 60 born Lincolns, Boston Edward, son, Single, aged 32, Hewer in Coal Mine, born Derbyshire, Eckington William, son, Single, aged 20, Hewer in Coal Mine, born Yorks, Sharlestone
Hannah, daur,  Single, age 18, born Yorks, Sheffield John, son, Single, aged 13, born Yorks, Sheffield Walter, son, Single, aged 16, born West Melton, Yorks Ralph Winstanley*, Grandson,  aged 4, born West Melton, Yorks

*There was another marriage which took place in Rotherham, registered July quarter of 1896 between Esther Ann Pettinger and John Winstanley and their son Ralph's birth was registered the same time - July quarter of 1896 vol 9c page 754.  In the 1901 Census Esther Ann and John were shown at separate addresses and their son, Ralph was, as can be seen above was living with his grandmother - Esther Ann's Mother, Mary Ann Martin, formerly Pettinger. 

Esther Ann had reverted back to her single name and was working as a domestic servant in the home of Cornelius Wells, Licensed Victualler in Sheffield at The Don Inn, 2 Penistone Road:

Cornelius Wells,  Head, M, age 36, Licensed Victualler, born Yorks, Sheffield Laura, Wife, M, age 38,  born Yorks, Sheffield Miriam Scholes, Stepdaur,  single, age 16,  born Yorks, Doncaster Laura Wells, Daur, age 5,  born Yorks, Sheffield Jane E Turner, Serv, S, age 20, Barmaid (Domestic), born Yorks, Sheffield Esther A Pettinger, Serv, S, age 20, Servant (Domestic), born Yorks, Rotherham

and John Winstanley was back living with his parents at 25 Littlemoor Road, Wath upon Dearne:

Ralph Winstanley, Head, Mar, age 47, Coal Miner & Hewer, born Lancs, Wigan Sarah, Wife, Mar, age 44,  born Nottingham John, son, Marr, age 26,  Coal Miner & Hewer, born Yorks, West Melton Ernest, son, single, age 20,  Coal Miner & Hewer, born Yorks, West Melton James, son, single, age 17,  Coal Miner & Hewer, born Yorks, Broomhill
William, son,  single, age 15, Pony driver, born Yorks, West Melton Arthur, son, age 10, born born Yorks, West Melton Thomas, son, age 8,  born Yorks, West Melton Richard, son, age 5,  born Yorks, Wath on Dearne Lilian, Daur, age 3,  born Yorks, Wath on Dearne

Looking again at FreeBMD, I discovered a death registered at Rotherham, June quarter of 1914 for a John Winstanley, age 39. 

Looking on the IGI and FreeBMD for the baptisms/births of the 'Pettinger' children shown on the 1881 Census , I found -

Joseph Brown Sanderson's birth registered at Horncastle, LIN June 1863 vol 7a page 529 and on the IGI Joseph Brown born Goulceby, Lincoln on 22 May 1863 - note no parents names nor a baptism date shown (Joseph was shown as 17 in 1881). 

Eliza Jane Brown Sanderson's  baptism found on IGI - 5 Oct 1867 at Horncastle, LIN parents George Brown Sanderson & Mary Ann (Eliza can be seen on 1871 (see below) but not on the 1881

Sarah Ann Sanderson's baptism on the IGI - 21 Nov 1869 at Horncastle, parents George Brown Sanderson & Mary Ann; FreeBMD have a birth registered Dec 1869 at Horncastle for a Sarah Ann Sanderson vol 7a page 499.  

Georgiana Sanderson's baptism is shown on IGI as 21 Dec 1873; parents as above; On FreeBMD there's a Georgina Sanderson registered in Horncastle in March 1872 vol 71 page 545. 

Rosehannah Sanderson appears on the IGI as Rose Anna Sanderson baptised 21 Dec 1873 at Horncastle - parents as above; Free BMD shows Rosanna Sanderson registered Horncastle Sep 1873, vol 7a page 538.  I've just received the birth certificate of Rosanna - this I thought might help establish that the father and mother were George Brown Sanderson and Mary Ann - as can be seen George's first name was not shown on the certificate:

CERTIFIED COPY OF AN ENTRY of BIRTH

GIVEN AT THE GENERAL REGISTER OFFICE

Registration District of Horncastle

1873, Birth in the Sub-District of Horncastle in the County of Lincoln

Columns 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9

No

When and where born

Name (if any)

Sex

Name and Surname of Father

Name and Maiden Surname of Mother

Rank or Profession of Father

Signature, Description and Residence of Informant

When Registered

Signature of Registrar

286

Twentyeighth June 1873 Foundry Street Horncastle

Rosanna

Girl

Brown Sanderson

Mary Ann Sanderson formerly Jackson

General Labourer

Mary Ann Sanderson,  Mother  Foundry Street, Horncastle

Twenty fifth July  1873

John Chantry Registrar

William Rich'd Pettinger - I couldn't find a William Richard Sanderson (or Brown) on FreeBMD but there is a record of William Pettinger registered at Chesterfield in Dec 1876, vol 7b page 709 - Chesterfield includes Eckington, the 1881 Census entry shows William Rich'd as being born Derbyshire, Eckington.  Sadly William Richard Pettinger's death was registered Rotherham Mar quarter 1886, age 8 vol 9c p384.

I think this is the copy of Mary Ann's first marriage certificate to George Brown Sanderson:

CERTIFIED COPY OF AN ENTRY OF MARRIAGE

GIVEN AT THE GENERAL REGISTER OFFICE

1858, Marriage solemnized at the Parish Church in the Parish of Horncastle in the County of Lincoln

No

When married

Name and Surname

Age

Condition

Rank or Profession

Residence at the time of marriage

Father's name and surname

Rank or profesion of father

73

26th July

1858

George Brown Sanderson

Mary Ann Jackson

26

21

Bachelor

Spinster

Husbandman

 

Goulceby

S Lawrence Street

--------------------------------

Thomas Jackson

--------------------

Wheelwright

Married in the Parish Church according to the Rites and Ceremonies of the Established Church by or after Banns; by me

William I Hathway, Curate

George and Mary Ann signed their marks and the Witnesses were William Brown Sanderson and Henry Graves (signatures)

 George's father not given - is the name 'Brown' a clue?

This might be Mary Ann and George Brown Sanderson living in Horncastle at the time of the 1871 Census:

George Brown, Head, Mar, age 39, Bricklayer, born Lincolns, Bollingbrook Mary Ann Brown, Wife, Mar, age 36,  born Lincolns, Haven Bank Joseph Brown, son, age 7,   born Lincolns, Goulsby Eliza Jane Brown, dau, age 5,  born Lincolns, Goulsby Sarah Ann Brown, dau, age 1,  born Lincolns, Horncastle

The above was Schedule No. 285 and on the same Horncastle Census sheet, Schedule No. 283 showed -

William Brown, Head, Mar, age 74, Cord Wainer, born Lincolns, Goulceby

Jane Sanderson, Servt, W, age 76, House Keeper born Lincolns, Roughton

Searching for George and Mary Ann in the 1861 Census, they were shown as 'Saunderson', living in Goulceby at Mandle Bottom

George B. Saunderson, Head, Mar, age 28, Brickmaker, born Lincolnshire, Stickney Mary Ann, Wife, Mar, age 23,  born Lincolnshire, Horncastle Thomas J., son, age 2,   born Lincolnshire, Horncastle William, son, age 1m  born Lincolnshire, Goulceby

And I found William and Jane in Goucelby:

William Brown, Head, Unmar, age 65, Shoemaker, born Lincolnshire, Goulceby

Jane Sanderson, House Servant, Unm, age 66, House Keeper born Lincolnshire, Routon Joseph Sanderson, son, Unm, age 23,   born Lincolnshire, Horncastle

in the 1851 Census, William Brown and Jane Sanderson were shown to be living in South Road, Goucelby, Lincolnshire:

William Brown, Head, Unmar, age 56, Shoemaker, born Lincolnshire, Goulceby

Jane Sanderson, Servant, Mar, age 56, House Keeper born Lincolnshire, Roughton George Sanderson, Son, Unmar, age 19, Shoemaker (app.), born Lincolns, Bolingbroke Joseph Sanderson, son, age 13,   born Lincolnshire, Horncastle

In the 1841 Census George Brown was 9 and the family were living in Stickney, West Fen Allotment, Lincolnshire:

Hall Lane /

William Brown

45  

Shoe-m

Y
   

Jane         do

  45   Y
   

Charlotte  do

  20   Y
    Enoch        do 14     Y
    George     do 9     Y
  // Joseph     do

4

 

  Y

and going forward in time to the 1891 Census Georgina Brown Sanderson was living in Hemsworth with her husband Lewis Harrison in Baylee Street:

Lewis Harrison, Head, Mar, age 22, Coal Miner, born Yorks, Wombwell Georgina, Wife, Mar, age 21,  born Lincolnshire, Horncastle Georgina Wilkinson, niece,  age 2,  Yborn Yorks, Bradford

I found a marriage for Georgina Brown Sanderson to Lewis Harrison - registered at Barnsley Apr 1890 vol9c p353. 

In 1901 Georgina was living on the same road as her mother and stepfather, at 5 Packman Road, West Melton:

Lewis Harrison, Head, Mar, age 32, Coal Miner, born Yorks, Wombwell Georgina, Wife, Mar, age 31,  born Lincolns, Goldsby John, son, age 9, born Yorks, Shafton 2 Gates. Elizabeth, Daur, age 7,  born Yorks, Shafton 2 Gates. Florence, Daur, age 4,  born Yorks, Brierley William, Son, age 2,  born Yorks, West Melton

Before the 1901 Census Rosehannah Brown Sanderson had married John Wallwork and they were living at 162 Hemmingfield, Wombwell.  This census entry appears on our Canadian webpage.

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I can't find Hannah Gash, William and Mary's oldest child.  There is a photo in the photo gallery of Great Aunt Anna and Uncle Jack, I have to consult with other relatives about whether this is Hannah;  Rachel, Ruth, Amy and Esther - I haven't found an official trace of these sisters yet so the story continues . . .

I eventually found Esther Gash living at Upper Haugh, Rawmarsh - a Domestic Servant in the home of William and Maria Shaw:

William Shaw, Head, M, aged 52, Farmer and Dairyman, Employer, born Yorks, Rawmarsh Maria Shaw, Wife, M, aged 52, born Yorks, Kirby William L Shaw, Son, S, aged 23, Horseman and Farmer, Worker, born Yorks, Rawmarsh Samuel Shaw, Son, S, aged 18, ? on Farm, Worker, born Yorks, Rawmarsh

Esther Gash, Serv, S,

aged 14, Servant (Domestic), born Lincols, Chapel Hill

Esther Gash was the first of William and Mary's children to emigrate to Canada.  (More about Esther on the Canadian page). 

This could be Amy Gash working as a servant in Sheffield, in the home of John and Eliza Hall at 44 Brocco Bank, Nether Hallam:

John Hall, Head, M, age 52, Traveller in corn, hay, etc, born Durham, Whickham Eliza J. Hall, Wife, M, age 38,  born Yorks, Stainland? Perry G. Hall,  son, S, age 17 Clerk (Mercantile), born Yorks, Wakefield Elizabeth Taylor, sister in law, S, age 34, born Yorks. Stainland Sebina Taylor, sister in law, S, age 29, born Yorks. Stainland John Taylor, brother in law, S, age 32, Woollen Marchant, Employer, born Yorks. Stainland  Amy Gash, Serv, S, age 17, General Serv. domestic, born  Lincoln, Boston

And this might be Ruth Gash, working for the Horridge family at 18 Southbourne Road, Nether Hallam in Sheffield:

Josh H. Horridge, Head, M, aged 52, Horn Merchant, Employer, born Yorks, Sheffield Alice Horridge, Wife, M, aged 46, born Yorks, Sheffield Ruth Horridge, Dau, S, aged 5, born Yorks, Sheffield

Ruth Gash, Serv, S, aged 20, General Servant Domestic, born Linc, Boston

Mary Harrall, Serv, S, aged 31, Nurse Maid Domestic, born Yorks, Sheffield

I think this is Rachel Gash, twin sister of Ruth, working for John and Susan Bringeman(?) on Langrick Ferry Road at Langriville, Lincolnshire:

John Bringeman, Head, M, aged 50, Farmer, Employer, born Lincs, Freiston

Susan Bringeman, Wife, M, aged 49,  born Lincs, Fishtoft

Rachel Gash, Serv, S, aged 20, born Lincs, Langrick

Rachel Gash stayed in Lincolnshire and eventually married Wright Henry English on 17 May 1911 at Coningsby, Lincolnshire.  Here's Wright English in 1891 and 1901 living in the Wildmore area, Horncastle district on Haven Bank Road:

William English, Head, M, aged 59, Farmer, Employer, born Lincolnshire, Coningsby

Mary A., Wife, aged 56, born Lincolnshire, Coningsby

John W., Son, Single aged 19, Farmer's Son, Employed, born Lincolnshire, Coningsby

May E., Daur, Single, aged 17,  born Lincolnshire, Coningsby Wright H., son, aged 13,  born Lincolnshire, Coningsby

The IGI has a marriage for William English and Mary Ann Rodgers on 4 April 1866 at Coningsby with the additional information that William was baptised on 15 April 1832 at Thornton Le Fen the same area in Lincolnshire now known as Wildmore.  In 1901 Wright Henry is shown as Head of household:

Wright Henry English, Head, S, aged 23, Farmer, Employer, born Lincs, Wildmoor Ada Annie English, Sister, S, aged 32, born Lincs, Wildmoor

Searching FreeBMD for possible children of Wright Henry and Rachel English, I found the following births, all were registered at Horncastle, Lincolnshire; these entries were in the period when the Mother's surname appeared on the index:

Beatrice A. English; Mother GASH; Sept 1912; vol 7a page 986

Edna M. English; Mother GASH; Sept 1913; vol 7a page 1033

William H. English, Mother GASH; March 1915; vol 7a page 988

Rachel's twin sister, Ruth Gash stayed in South Yorkshire and came to live with her sister Mary Hickling, nee Gash (my Grandmother) at 52 Kilnhurst Road, Rawmarsh.  Eventually though she began to have serious epileptic fits and at that time no one knew how to deal with them and Ruth spent the rest of her life in the Workhouse, I'm not certain which Workhouse this was - but think it was somewhere near Lodge Moor at Sheffield.  When she died she was buried in Wombwell Cemetery - see below for more information.  

Amy Gash married William Copley and moved up to Ambleside, in the Lake District after they were married.  See the Copley Family page for more information. 

Chris Gash suggested looking on the 1901 Census website for William and Mary's daughter Hannah Gash in Greasbrough, near Rotherham, South Yorkshire as he had been told that an Uncle, William Gash (born 1893), had visited her there when he was younger, an Aunt had also mentioned that Hannah had had a large family and that the eldest boy was John Thomas - Chris was unsure whether this meant 'Thomas' as a surname or as a second forename. 

I decided to try the 1901 with just Hannah's first name, her birth year (+/- 2 year) and her birthplace; this brought just five results and the most obvious was the surname 'Dixon' living in Wombwell.  I then requested all the Dixon's living in Wombwell and found the rest of the family - I had no voucher so could not purchase the full information.  Then thanks to Lincolnshire ENG-LINCSGEN-L@rootsweb.com emailing list - I had posted a general request regarding the Gash family and had included my surname interests which included the new entry DIXON; Jean Dixon contacted me to see what my connection to the name 'Dixon' was and it turned out that Jean's husband was a relative of the husband of Great Aunt Hannah - John Dixon.  Jean then sent me the details of the 1901 Census - these can be found on the Dixon family page

There were two GASH witnesses at the marriage of Hannah Gash to John William Dixon in 1895, George Henry Gash and Jane Gash.  Searching the 1901 Census, I found a George H Gash, living at 95 New Street, Barnsley:

George H. Gash, Head, S, aged 27, General Carter Earn., Own Account born Durham, Darlington

Mary A Tasker, Boarder, M, aged 29, Linen Weaver,

born Yorks, Barnsley

George Henry was the son of Thomas and Elizabeth Gash and nephew of my Great Grandfather, William Gash.

William's brother, George was still living with his wife Maria in Kirton in Holland, Lincolnshire - their address was the same as in 1891 - Wash Road, 11 Acre Lane:

George Gash, Head, M, aged 60, Agricultural Labourer, born Lincolnshire, Boston

Maria Gash, Wife, M, aged 58,

born Lincolnshire, Swineshead

George Gash, S, aged 17, Agricultural Labourer, born Lincolnshire, Kirton

-------------------------------------------------

Barry and I went to Wombwell Cemetery where William and Mary are buried but I could not find them.  There were so many of the old graves unreadable because the authorities have had to pull them from the ground and they have been placed face down.  This is for safety reasons because a child was killed when he was playing in a cemetery when a tombstone fell on him.

I visited Barnsley Archives to search for their burial records.  In the fiches for Wombwell I found that Fred, William and Mary's infant son was buried on 1st July 1891, having died on 28th June; Mary had been buried on 6th February 1894, after her death on 2nd February, William had died in Winterwell Road, West Melton on 6 Jan 1902, and was buried on 10 January 1902.

I sent for my Great Grandfather, William Gash's death certificate and was shocked and dismayed to see the cause of death.  There had been no information regarding this circulating within the family:

CERTIFIED COPY of an ENTRY of DEATH

Given at the GENERAL REGISTER OFFICE

Registration District of Rotherham

1902 DEATH in the Sub-District of Wath in the County of York

Columns 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9

No

When and where died

Name and surname

Sex

Age

Occupation

Cause of death

Signature, description and residence of informant

When registered

Signature of registrar

195

Sixth January 1902

121 Winterwell Road, West Melton Wath UD

William Gash

Male

71 years

Labourer and Army Pensioner Committed Suicide by hanging himself during a state of temporary insanity

Certificate received from Dacey Wightman Coroner for Yorkshire Inquest held 23 January 1902

Twenty fifth January 1902

A H Stores? Registrar

Another inquest to investigate and there may have been an account written in the local newspaper.

The Barnsley Archivist at Barnsley Archives told me that if I telephoned Ardsley Crematorium, they would meet me in Wombwell Cemetery and show me exactly where my relatives' graves were.  A member of their staff met with Barry and I on 16 July, but it took some time to locate the graves as the numbering system is difficult  to follow.  I already had the grave number for Great Aunt Ruth, as my Mother had arranged her funeral and the lady found that one easily.  This was in what she called newly consecrated ground, and the numbers follow on consecutively.  Ruth had died  on 21 November 1968, age 88.  We started back toGreat Aunt Ruth's gravePlanting William and Mary's grave The grave of Mary and William Gashtry again to find the grave of Fred, William and Mary.  They were in what she described as old consecrated ground.   This turned out to be groups of 4 graves running alongside of one of the paths, all the way down to the cemetery chapels.  Knowing this it was then easier to locate.  I was just beginning to think that William and Mary were in an unmarked grave, or that their grave had been damaged, when we found it.  The grave was in quite good order with a very low headstone and there were surprisingly few weeds. Next to the grave was the space where Fred was buried - this grave was unmarked.  Barry and I have cleared the small amount of weeds and planted some small Hebe plants and winter-flowering pansies on the grave - the Hebe will eventually produce little white flowers.

1 William and Marys' headstone - "In loving memory of MARY the beloved wife of WILLIAM GASH who died Feb 2nd 1894 Aged 48 Years. Also the above named WILLIAM GASH who died Jan 6th 1902 Aged 71 Years - Until the day break and the shadows flee away". 
2 Barry planting bedding plants amongst the Hebe and pansies.  To the right of the grave, where Barry is stood is the unmarked grave of their infant son, Fred
3 Great Auntie Ruth's gravestone - "In Loving Memory of RUTH GASH died Nov 21st 1968, aged 88 years. Follow this link for a photo of Great Auntie Ruth

Rotherham Archives has microfilms of the Rotherham Advertiser and the South Yorkshire Times and on Friday, 22 April 2005 I found the reports of the suicide of my Great Grandfather:

The South Yorkshire Times

? January 1902

The Rotherham Advertiser

11 January 1902

SUICIDE AT WEST MELTON

On Monday afternoon an old army pensioner named William Gash, aged 71 years, living with his daughter, Mrs Simms, Winterwell road, West Melton, ended his life by suspending himself by a rope from a hook over his bed.  Deceased had been suffering from bronchitis and had complained of not feeling well and died directly after being loosened from the rope.

SUICIDE AT WEST MELTON - An army pensioner named William Gash, aged 71, who had been living with his daughter Emma Simms of Winterwell road, West Melton, hanged himself on Monday evening.  He had gone upstairs to lie down, and his daughter went up to him, as he had complained of being unwell.  She found him standing by his bedside insensible, and on the son-in-law, Thomas Simms and Arthur Pullard going up they discovered the old man was suspended by a rope attached to a hook over the bed-head.  He was immediately taken down, but died in a few minutes.

The 1911 Census, is now on line and I have found that Samuel Gash and his family had moved from Rawmarsh to Batley, Yorkshire - the date of the Census was 2 April 1911.  They just made it, as they sailed from Liverpool on the "Empress of Britain" bound for Canada on the 7th April!  They also featured in the Canadian 1911 Census. However on 2nd April they were staying with John Edward Lee and his family at 1 Yd. Wellington Street, Batley:

John Edward Lee, Head, Married, age 41, Assistant Furniture Broker, born Brighouse, Yorkshire Lily Lee, wife, Married, age 41, born Rawmarsh, Yorkshire

Phyllis Dobson, Visitor, Single, age 3, born Rawmarsh, Yorkshire

Samuel Gash, Visitor, Married, aged 39, Farmer, born Chapel Hill, Lincolnshire

Clara Gash, Visitor, Married, aged 43,

born Rawmarsh, Yorkshire

Edith Ivy Gash, Visitor, Single, age 4, born Rawmarsh, Yorkshire

The transcript showed that John and Lily Lee had been married 6 years; and Clara and Samuel Gash, married 15 years.

Clara and Samuel's son Arthur was not staying in the same house, he was with Charles Henry Bose and his wife Ada at Foundry Street, Mirfield:

Charles Henry Bose, Head, Married, age 35, Cab Proprietor, born Batley, Yorkshire Ada Bose, wife, Married, age 36, born Rawmarsh, Yorks

Leonard Bose, Son, Single, age 12, Scholar, born Batley, Yorks

Hilda Bose, Daughter, Single, aged 10, Scholar, born Batley, Yorks

Charles Dobson, Father in law, Widower, aged 71, Retired Coal Miner, born Rotherham, Yorks

Arthur Gash, Wifes Nephew, Single, aged 14, Farming, born Rawmarsh, Yorks.

Both wives in these two household were born in Rawmarsh, and the presence of Charles Dobson in this second transcript, reveals that Ada Bose and Clara Gash nee Dobson were sisters. The transcript showed that Charles Henry and Ada Bose had been married 14 years.

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Updated 31 December 2011